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DSIR Recognized | FWA Approved - FWA00012971

Duration of solid fuel cookstove use is associated with increased risk of acute lower respiratory infection among children under six months in rural central India

Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs), predominantly pneumonia, account for more deaths among children under-five than any other infectious disease. India has almost three times the number of ALRI deaths of any other country. Vaccination is an important tactic to reduce…

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Low-dose aspirin for the prevention of preterm delivery in nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy (ASPIRIN): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Preterm birth remains a common cause of neonatal mortality, with a disproportionately high burden in low-income and middle-income countries. Meta-analyses of low-dose aspirin to prevent pre-eclampsia suggest that the incidence of preterm birth might also be decreased, particularly if initiated…

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The Pregnancy and Influenza Multinational Epidemiologic (PRIME) study: a prospective cohort study of the impact of influenza during pregnancy among women in middle-income countries

Influenza viruses cause annual epidemics of respiratory infection globally. Pregnant women are thought to be at increased risk for morbidity and mortality from respiratory infections, including seasonal influenza, because of changes in anatomy and the immune and cardiovascular systems that…

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Incidence of influenza during pregnancy and association with pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in three middle-income countries: a multisite prospective longitudinal cohort study

Background Influenza vaccination during pregnancy prevents influenza among women and their infants but remains underused among pregnant women. We aimed to quantify the risk of antenatal influenza and examine its association with perinatal outcomes. Methods We did a prospective cohort…

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Performance of symptom-based case definitions to identify influenza virus infection among pregnant women in middle-income countries: findings from the Pregnancy and Influenza Multinational Epidemiologic (PRIME) Study

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends case definitions for influenza surveillance that are also used in public health research, though their performance has not been assessed in many risk groups, including pregnant women in whom influenza may manifest differently. We…

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